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Jacked Up and UnjustPacific is lander Teens Confront Violent Legacies$
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Katherine Irwin and Karen Umemoto

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780520283022

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520283022.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

Boys’ Fights and the Jacked-Up System

Boys’ Fights and the Jacked-Up System

Chapter:
(p.86) 5 Boys’ Fights and the Jacked-Up System
Source:
Jacked Up and Unjust
Author(s):

Katherine Irwin

Karen Umemoto

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520283022.003.0006

In chapter five we explain boys’ perspectives of violence, as we explore the boys’ critical consciousness of larger power arrangements, with racial hierarchies being a primary lens through which boys saw the world. Gender expectations were an important backdrop in boys’ narratives as well, and in this chapter we look at how historic acts of injustice in colonial lands lived on in the collective memories of youth. Indeed, some boys summarized these past and present injustices succinctly as the “jacked up” U.S. system. As males, boys sensed that they had agency and strength, and they used these resources to resist or manipulate what they saw as the unjust systems and stereotypes set against them.

Keywords:   Boyhood, Male Violence, Masculinity, Racism, Critical Consciousness, Patriarchy, Code of the Streets

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