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Jacked Up and UnjustPacific is lander Teens Confront Violent Legacies$
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Katherine Irwin and Karen Umemoto

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780520283022

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520283022.001.0001

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Boys’ Fights and the Jacked-Up System

Boys’ Fights and the Jacked-Up System

(p.86) 5 Boys’ Fights and the Jacked-Up System
Jacked Up and Unjust

Katherine Irwin

Karen Umemoto

University of California Press

In chapter five we explain boys’ perspectives of violence, as we explore the boys’ critical consciousness of larger power arrangements, with racial hierarchies being a primary lens through which boys saw the world. Gender expectations were an important backdrop in boys’ narratives as well, and in this chapter we look at how historic acts of injustice in colonial lands lived on in the collective memories of youth. Indeed, some boys summarized these past and present injustices succinctly as the “jacked up” U.S. system. As males, boys sensed that they had agency and strength, and they used these resources to resist or manipulate what they saw as the unjust systems and stereotypes set against them.

Keywords:   Boyhood, Male Violence, Masculinity, Racism, Critical Consciousness, Patriarchy, Code of the Streets

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