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International Water Scarcity and VariabilityManaging Resource Use Across Political Boundaries$
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Shlomi Dinar and Ariel Dinar

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780520283077

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520283077.001.0001

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Emergence of Cooperation under Scarcity and Variability

Emergence of Cooperation under Scarcity and Variability

(p.31) 3 Emergence of Cooperation under Scarcity and Variability*
International Water Scarcity and Variability

Shlomi Dinar

Ariel Dinar

University of California Press

Using a large-n empirical quantitative methodology, this chapter seeks to answer the following question: why are agreements negotiated between some states, or river riparians, and not others and what impacts the level of cooperation measured by these agreements. Using a global dataset of bilateral treaties, this chapter applies an analytical framework that estimates relationships between level of treaty-cooperation and two variations of water scarcity: Water scarcity-quantity and water scarcity-variability. Results suggest that the inverted U-curve relationship between any measure of scarcity and cooperation, which was hypothesized in chapter 2, holds.

Keywords:   bi-lateral basins, multi-lateral basins, trade, geography, power asymmetry, runoff, precipitation

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