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Mirage of the Saracen$
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Walter D. Ward

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780520283770

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520283770.001.0001

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Monasticism and Pilgrimage in the Sinai

Monasticism and Pilgrimage in the Sinai

(p.42) 2 Monasticism and Pilgrimage in the Sinai
Mirage of the Saracen

Walter D. Ward

University of California Press

This chapter covers the spread of Christian monasticism in the Sinai and the growth of pilgrimage to the region. By the later half of the fourth century, several churches and numerous monastic sites had been founded in the Sinai, as attested by the pilgrim Egeria. Growth continued in the fifth and sixth centuries, and two fortresses were constructed during the reign of the Emperor Justinian (527-565) to defend the monks at Mount Sinai and the coastal site of Rhaithou. Innumerable pilgrims visited the Sinai from all corners of the Mediterranean world. Several pilgrims left accounts of their travels. Without the influx of pilgrims the monastic communities of the Sinai could not have sustained themselves.

Keywords:   Sinai, pilgrimage, Egeria, Justinian, Monasticism, Christian

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