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The Real School Safety Problem – The Long-Term Consequences of Harsh School Punishment - California Scholarship Online
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The Real School Safety Problem: The Long-Term Consequences of Harsh School Punishment

Aaron Kupchik


Since the 1990s, K-12 schools across the U.S. have changed in important ways in an effort to maintain safe schools. They have added police officers, surveillance cameras, zero tolerance policies, and other equipment and personnel, while increasingly relying on suspension and other punishments. Unfortunately, we have implemented these practices based on assumptions that they will be effective at maintaining safety and helping youth, not based on evidence. The Real School Safety Problem addresses this problem in two ways. One, it provides a clear discussion of what we know and what we don’t yet ... More

Keywords: school safety, security, policing, suspension, school punishment, racial disproportionality, juvenile justice, school resource officers

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9780520284197
Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2017 DOI:10.1525/california/9780520284197.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Aaron Kupchik, author
University of Delaware