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Blood and WaterThe Indus River Basin in Modern History$
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David Gilmartin

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780520285293

Published to California Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520285293.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 14 April 2021

The River Basin and Partition

The River Basin and Partition

(p.182) 6 The River Basin and Partition
Blood and Water

David Gilmartin

University of California Press

Large-scale canal building led increasingly to a vision, after 1920, of the Indus basin as atechnically and naturally integrated water environment. But political divisions challenged the accompanying engineering projection of Indus basin irrigators as an integrated community. This came to a head with the partition of 1947, which divided both the territory and the irrigation works of the Indus basin. The stoppage by India of irrigation water across the new Punjab partition boundary in April 1948 triggered a long process of conflict and negotiation that led, finally, to a splitting of the waters of the river basin environment by the Indus Waters Treaty of 1960, thus reformulating the river basinto encompass two distinct “national” environments.

Keywords:   partition, river basin, water conflict, India, Pakistan, Indus Waters Treaty, World Bank

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