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Loft JazzImprovising New York in the 1970s$
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Michael C. Heller

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780520285408

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520285408.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021



(p.65) 4 Freedom
Loft Jazz

Michael C. Heller

University of California Press

This chapter looks at the multifaceted ways that loft artists envisioned freedom as an inspiration for their work. Rather than hewing to a single definition, however, artists employed the term to connote a wide variety of different meanings. The chapter examines several in succession, including definitions that foreground: collectivist or communalist practices, rooted in civil rights and 1960s counterculture movements; self-creation and identity politics; off-the-grid living strategies; transgression and transcendence, and “energy music” aesthetics that feature minimal pre-composed elements. Ultimately, the term “freedom” emerges as powerfully overdetermined, as it is used to reference a number of interrelated goals and values.

Keywords:   freedom, loft artists, collectivist practices, communalist practices, counterculture movements, self-creation, identity politics, energy music aesthetics, off-the-grid living strategies

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