- Title Pages
- The George Gund Foundation Imprint in African American Studies
- Shoeboots Family Tree
- Preface to the Second Edition
- Preface to the First Edition
- Part One Bone of My Bone: Slavery, Race, and Nation—East
- One Captivity
- Two Slavery
- Three Motherhood
- Four Property
- Five Christianity
- Six Nationhood
- Seven Gold Rush
- Part Two of Blood and Bone: Freedom, Kinship, and Citizenship—West
- Eight Removal
- Nine Capture
- Ten Freedom
- Epilogue Citizenship
- Coda The Shoeboots Family Today
- Appendix One Research Methods and Challenges
- Appendix Two Definition and Use of Terms
- Appendix Three Cherokee Names and Mistaken Identities
- Appendix Four Primary Sources for Further Study
- Selected Bibliography
- American Crossroads
- (p.85) Five Christianity
- Ties That Bind
- University of California Press
This chapter discusses the founding of abolitionist Protestant missions in the Cherokee Nation, and addresses the impact this new presence had on Cherokee communities, black slaves within those communities, and the Shoeboots family in particular. The American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM) was an interdenominational evangelical society with abolitionist leanings, headquartered in Massachusetts. With one major mission site called Brainerd already established in the Cherokee town of Chickamauga, the missionaries were looking to expand. Historian Adriane Strenk argued that Shoe Boots' support of missionary education did not necessarily mean that he considered himself a Christian. Rather, he was a pragmatist who wanted the children in his community to be best prepared for any test. The United States and its citizens were plotting to snatch Cherokee lands, and the best defenses against such activities seemed to be literacy in English and technical competency.
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