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El MallThe Spatial and Class Politics of Shopping Malls in Latin America$
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Arlene Dávila

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780520286849

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520286849.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 01 August 2021

Inside the Class-Stratified Mall

Inside the Class-Stratified Mall

Chapter:
(p.93) Four Inside the Class-Stratified Mall
Source:
El Mall
Author(s):

Arlene Dávila

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520286849.003.0005

This chapter studies the Colombian middle class. The National Association of Colombian Entrepreneurs highlighted that the Columbia's “doubling” number of middle class resulted in urbanization, growth in per capita income, rise in purchasing power due to the extension of credit, and a lowering of prices for consumer goods. Furthermore, in 2013, 91.7 percent of all homes had a television, 53.9 percent a washing machine, 42.2 percent a home computer, and 35.7 percent an Internet connection. However, Colombia's 13.8 million supposedly middle-class residents paled in comparison to the 16.5 million living in poverty and the 1.38 million who are wealthy. Moreover, its development did not guarantee economic and income redistribution as well as greater rights and recognition of middling groups in greater society.

Keywords:   Colombian middle class, National Association of Colombian Entrepreneurs, urbanization, consumer goods, middle class

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