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Race and Ethnicity in America$
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John Iceland

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780520286900

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520286900.001.0001

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Race and Ethnicity and Causes of Inequality

Race and Ethnicity and Causes of Inequality

(p.9) 2 Race and Ethnicity and Causes of Inequality
Race and Ethnicity in America

John Iceland

University of California Press

This chapter explores the meaning of the terms “race” and “ethnicity” and discusses how patterns of identification have changes. It also explores various theories on the root causes of racial and ethnic inequality in more detail, including human capital and social capital theories, cultural theories that emphasize differences in norms, values, and behaviors across groups, assimilation theory, which is most important for immigrant groups, and theories that emphasize the role of racism and discrimination by both individuals and social institutions.

Keywords:   race, ethnicity, theory, human capital, social capital, culture, assimilation, racism and discrimination

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