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Boats, Borders, and BasesRace, the Cold War, and the Rise of Migration Detention in the United States$
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Jenna M. Loyd and Alison Mountz

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780520287969

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520287969.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 18 May 2022

“America’s ‘Boat People’”

“America’s ‘Boat People’”

Cold War Geopolitics of Refuge

(p.31) 1 “America’s ‘Boat People’”
Boats, Borders, and Bases

Jenna M. Loyd

Alison Mountz

University of California Press

Chapter 1 situates the development of the 1980 Refugee Act within the context of efforts to deter Haitian asylum seekers. The chapter argues that the exclusionary Haitian Program would plant the seeds of a racialized deterrence policy. The history this chapter traces shows how humanitarianism and deterrence are simultaneous and symbiotic. U.S. foreign policy manifests in humanitarian rescue and migration control. This chapter illustrates how the racialized construction of a dichotomous discourse of rescue versus deterrence, good versus bad migrant, and bona fide versus bogus refugee animates exclusionary migration practices and policies.

Keywords:   Cold War, deterrence, refugee, asylum, racialization

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