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Boats, Borders, and BasesRace, the Cold War, and the Rise of Migration Detention in the United States$
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Jenna M. Loyd and Alison Mountz

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780520287969

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520287969.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 23 February 2020

Safe Haven

Safe Haven

The Creation of an Offshore Detention Archipelago

Chapter:
(p.147) 5 Safe Haven
Source:
Boats, Borders, and Bases
Author(s):

Jenna M. Loyd

Alison Mountz

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520287969.003.0006

Chapter 5 tells the history of the Bush- and Clinton-era creation of an offshore detention archipelago in the Caribbean. This transnational Caribbean history is an important, immediate precursor to the expansion deterrence operations along the U.S.-Mexico border in the 1990s and the use of Guantánamo Naval Base during the War on Terror. As the numbers of Haitians and Cubans held on Guantánamo exceeded forty thousand, the United States opened camps for Cubans on its military base in Panama and built additional “safe haven” sites in other countries in the Caribbean. We show how the use of offshore sites was designed to prevent the arrivals of asylum seekers on U.S. shores. This moment provides a window into the insipid lengths that the executive branch went to in order to redraw legal geographies and thereby separate domestic territory from international waters (and international refugee law).

Keywords:   offshore detention, Guantánamo, interception, anti-black racism, wet foot dry foot policy, spectacle, prevention through deterrence policy

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