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Boats, Borders, and BasesRace, the Cold War, and the Rise of Migration Detention in the United States$
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Jenna M. Loyd and Alison Mountz

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780520287969

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520287969.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 18 May 2022

Post-9/11 Policing

Post-9/11 Policing

Back to the Future

(p.201) 7 Post-9/11 Policing
Boats, Borders, and Bases

Jenna M. Loyd

Alison Mountz

University of California Press

This concluding chapter maps changes to detention and border enforcement policy immediately before and after September 11, 2001. It counters much contemporary scholarship that places 9/11 as a significant turning point in the securitization and criminalization of migrants and asylum seekers. While not denying the seismic securitization that followed the attacks, this chapter places these changes in historical context to show that the continued cycle of racialized and geopoliticized exclusions that had already been well rehearsed in U.S. border enforcement and immigration law and detention and deterrence policies and practices.

Keywords:   9/11, criminalization, asylum politics, offshore deterrence, racialization

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