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Rationalizing Korea"The Rise of the Modern State, 1894-1945"$
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Kyung Moon Hwang

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780520288317

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520288317.001.0001

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State Making under Imperialism

State Making under Imperialism

Fragmentation and Consolidation in the Central State

(p.25) One State Making under Imperialism
Rationalizing Korea

Kyung Moon Hwang

University of California Press

The opening chapter conceives the organizational development of the state in Korea from the late nineteenth century to the end of Japanese colonialism as rationalizations of—and responses to—imperialism. Beginning with an extensive overview of the late Joseon dynastic state, it tracks the multiple trajectories of state growth and strengthening over the early modern era, from the fiscal to the bureaucratic and other forms, but it also analyzes how the various lines of the state’s fragmentation reflected competing political and administrative imperatives. To illustrate this argument, the chapter takes as case studies the two major state land surveys (1898–1902 and 1910–1918), as well as the practices of comprehensive social intervention during the wartime mobilization (1938–1945).

Keywords:   imperialization, central administration, bureaucratic structure, late Joseon state, Gabo Reforms, Korean Empire, Japanese protectorate, Japanese colonialism, land surveys, war mobilization

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