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Rationalizing Korea"The Rise of the Modern State, 1894-1945"$
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Kyung Moon Hwang

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780520288317

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520288317.001.0001

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State and Economy

State and Economy


(p.119) Four State and Economy
Rationalizing Korea

Kyung Moon Hwang

University of California Press

This chapter considers the outcome in Korea of a global conceptual transformation in which the growing mobilizational and administrative reach of the state often cultivated the material forces unleashed by geopolitical competition, international trade, and industrial growth. In arguing for the significance of infrastructural investment and of efforts to ground state legitimacy on fostering macroeconomic growth, this chapter locates the emergence of such a developmentalist orientation at the turn of the twentieth century and tracks its growth through the end of the colonial period. Furthermore, in examining the institutional and discursive expressions of state developmentalism, this chapter explores the intriguing parallels between the precolonial and late colonial periods in the state practices of economic nationalism as a legitimating tool.

Keywords:   economic history, developmental state, developmentalism, infrastructure growth, urbanization, industrialization and legitimacy, colonial industrialization, economic nationalism

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