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Rationalizing Korea"The Rise of the Modern State, 1894-1945"$
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Kyung Moon Hwang

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780520288317

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520288317.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Public Schooling

Public Schooling

Cultivating Citizenship Education

Chapter:
(p.168) Six Public Schooling
Source:
Rationalizing Korea
Author(s):

Kyung Moon Hwang

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520288317.003.0007

As with religion, schooling constituted a medium through which to establish a framework of ultimate loyalties and authority, as it defined the norms of the relationship between the state and the people—that is, what it means to be a citizen. Chapter 6 thus examines the push for crafting public education as part the strengthening of the state’s normative authority. In addition to tracking the institutional rationalities of state control over education, which resulted in a tremendous expansion of public schools, this chapter focuses on the development of concepts such as “nation” and “citizen” as they were appropriated for the “ethics” curriculum. As seen in textbooks from the 1890s to the 1940s, loyalty to the state and adherence to Confucian social ethics came to constitute the core principles of citizenship education.

Keywords:   public education, citizenship, citizenship education, ethics curriculum, textbooks, nationalism, kokumin gakko system, Confucian social morality, school segregation, resistance to the state

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