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Cross-National Public Opinion about HomosexualityExamining Attitudes across the Globe$
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Amy Adamczyk

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780520288751

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520288751.001.0001

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The Importance of Religion, and the Role of Individual Differences

The Importance of Religion, and the Role of Individual Differences

(p.17) Chapter 1 The Importance of Religion, and the Role of Individual Differences
Cross-National Public Opinion about Homosexuality

Amy Adamczyk

University of California Press

Drawing on an original analysis of the last three waves of World Values Survey, this chapter explores the role of a nation’s religious context and individual demographic factors for shaping cross-national attitudes. Ideas drawn from rational choice theories of religion and religious contextual effects provide theoretical insight into how personal religious beliefs and overall levels of religious belief shape attitudes. The analysis shows that more religious residents and residents of nations with high levels of religious belief are more likely to disapprove of homosexuality. Distinctions are also drawn between the various major religions. Nations with a substantial number of people who adhere to Islam, Eastern Orthodoxy, and a variety of Protestant faiths tend to have residents with more conservative views than those living in majority Catholic and mainline Protestant nations. The chapter ends by assessing the individual demographic factors that shape attitudes.

Keywords:   religion, survey, rational choice, contextual effects, demographic, Eastern Orthodoxy, Protestant, Islam, Catholic

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