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Cross-National Public Opinion about HomosexualityExamining Attitudes across the Globe$
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Amy Adamczyk

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780520288751

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520288751.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 26 October 2020

The Importance of Democracy and Economic Development

The Importance of Democracy and Economic Development

Chapter:
(p.41) Chapter 2 The Importance of Democracy and Economic Development
Source:
Cross-National Public Opinion about Homosexuality
Author(s):

Amy Adamczyk

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520288751.003.0003

This chapter examines the roles of economic development and democracy for shaping attitudes, and it tests competing arguments for other macro-level processes. Theoretical insight from the works of Inglehart, Schwartz, and Hofstede are used to explain why economic development would be associated with cross-national differences in attitudes. The potential macro-level influence of education, gender and economic inequality, and nongovernment organizations are also considered. However, a multilevel analysis of World Values Survey data shows that they do not appear to have an effect in light of the influences of religion, economic development, and democracy. The chapter ends by discussing the limitations with survey data for understanding cross-national attitudes and makes the case for the usefulness of country case studies to better understand how religion, economic development, and democracy shape attitudes within individual nations.

Keywords:   economic development, democracy, inequality, nongovernment organizations, education, survey

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