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Cross-National Public Opinion about HomosexualityExamining Attitudes across the Globe$
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Amy Adamczyk

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780520288751

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520288751.001.0001

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The Relatively Liberal Views of People from Catholic-Majority Countries

The Relatively Liberal Views of People from Catholic-Majority Countries

An Examination of Spain, Italy, and Brazil

(p.127) Chapter 5 The Relatively Liberal Views of People from Catholic-Majority Countries
Cross-National Public Opinion about Homosexuality

Amy Adamczyk

University of California Press

The fifth chapter focuses on Spain, Italy, and Brazil. These nations all have strong Catholic histories, but they vary in the extent to which residents find religion important. The Catholic Church cannot be described as particularly tolerant of homosexuality, but Catholic-majority nations tend to have more liberal residents than mixed Protestant and Muslim-majority societies. This chapter provides the rationale for why residents living in many Catholic societies tend to be more tolerant. The answer is related, in part, to a decline in religious belief, even as residents continue to affiliate as Catholic; a focus on the faith’s emphasis on social justice over strict adherence to religious precepts; and the type of relationship the church has had with these nations’ recent dictators.

Keywords:   Catholic, Spain, Italy, Brazil, social justice, dictators

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