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Eco-Alchemy – Anthroposophy and the History and Future of Environmentalism - California Scholarship Online
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Eco-Alchemy: Anthroposophy and the History and Future of Environmentalism

Dan McKanan


For the past century, initiatives inspired by Rudolf Steiner’s anthroposophy have contributed to the evolution of environmental activism. Steiner’s 1924 course of lectures on agriculture initiated biodynamics, which became the first organized form of organic agriculture. Farmers and activists inspired by Steiner helped prepare the way for Rachel Carson’s campaign against pesticides, anticipated the major themes of Gaian spirituality, invented community-supported agriculture, and founded many of the world’s largest green banks. Waldorf schools and Camphill intentional communities, also inspired ... More

Keywords: alchemy, anthroposophy, biodynamic, Camphill, community-supported agriculture, ecology, environment, Gaian, organic agriculture, Rudolf Steiner, Waldorf schools

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9780520290051
Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2018 DOI:10.1525/california/9780520290051.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Dan McKanan, author
Harvard Divinity School

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