Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Eco-AlchemyAnthroposophy and the History and Future of Environmentalism$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Dan McKanan

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780520290051

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520290051.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 25 May 2022



Anthroposophical Initiatives and the Growing Environmental Movement

(p.70) Branches

Dan McKanan

University of California Press

Anthroposophy was as central to 1970s environmentalism as biodynamics had been to the organic movement of the 1930s and 1940s, and the increase in environmental activism came at a time of dramatic transformation within the anthroposophical movement. The emphasis shifted from Steiner’s spiritual teaching toward his practical initiatives, which grew rapidly and attracted the support of Baby Boomer idealists. Evangelists Francis Edmunds, Henry Barnes, and Herbert Koepf helped expand the anthroposophical movement, while translators George Trevelyan, Alan Chadwick, and Joseph Beuys brought anthroposophical ideas into the New Age movement and the Green Party. Newer initiatives inspired by anthroposophy include “Goethean” research centers, farm internship programs, and innovative projects in Egypt, Bhutan, the Philippines, and Israel.

Keywords:   Henry Barnes, Joseph Beuys, biodynamics, Alan Chadwick, Francis Edmunds, environmentalism, Goethe, Green Party, Herbert Koepf, New Age

California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.