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Eco-AlchemyAnthroposophy and the History and Future of Environmentalism$
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Dan McKanan

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780520290051

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520290051.001.0001

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Anthroposophical Initiatives and the Growing Environmental Movement

Chapter:
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Source:
Eco-Alchemy
Author(s):

Dan McKanan

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520290051.003.0003

Anthroposophy was as central to 1970s environmentalism as biodynamics had been to the organic movement of the 1930s and 1940s, and the increase in environmental activism came at a time of dramatic transformation within the anthroposophical movement. The emphasis shifted from Steiner’s spiritual teaching toward his practical initiatives, which grew rapidly and attracted the support of Baby Boomer idealists. Evangelists Francis Edmunds, Henry Barnes, and Herbert Koepf helped expand the anthroposophical movement, while translators George Trevelyan, Alan Chadwick, and Joseph Beuys brought anthroposophical ideas into the New Age movement and the Green Party. Newer initiatives inspired by anthroposophy include “Goethean” research centers, farm internship programs, and innovative projects in Egypt, Bhutan, the Philippines, and Israel.

Keywords:   Henry Barnes, Joseph Beuys, biodynamics, Alan Chadwick, Francis Edmunds, environmentalism, Goethe, Green Party, Herbert Koepf, New Age

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