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Great War and the Remaking of Palestine$
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Salim Tamari

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780520291256

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520291256.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 19 October 2021

Adele Azar’s Notebook

Adele Azar’s Notebook

Charity and Feminism

(p.140) Seven Adele Azar’s Notebook
Great War and the Remaking of Palestine

Salim Tamari

University of California Press

This chapter demonstrates how at the turn of the century, the use of family endowments and benevolent associations created the earliest forms of independent women's groups. It studies the notebook of Adele Azar in light of Halide Edip's educational work in Syria and Mount Lebanon during the war. The main focus of these projects, in Azar's case, was the teaching of destitute girls and their preparation for public employment. Azar's notebook shows that charity and pious foundations not only were not opposed to the evolution of a more substantial independent women's movement, but also were often the very foundation from which these movements emerged.

Keywords:   independent women's groups, Adele Azar, family endowments, benevolent associations, Halide Edip, destitute girls, public employment, Mount Lebanon

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