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Beyond ExpectationsSecond-Generation Nigerians in the United States and Britain$
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Onoso Imoagene

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780520292314

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520292314.001.0001

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On the Horns of Racialization

On the Horns of Racialization

Middle Class, Ethnic, and Black

(p.135) Five On the Horns of Racialization
Beyond Expectations

Onoso Imoagene

University of California Press

Chapter 5 discusses the endpoints of the ethnic identification journey of the Nigerian second generation. A key endpoint is that they are integrating into the black middle class. The chapter utilizes the minority culture of mobility framework to examine how respondents’ middle class status affects how they interact with their proximal hosts and how their experiences in and interactions with white people in professional settings affect their identity. The chapter uses respondents’ experiences of racial discrimination, exhibitions of racial solidarity, voting patterns, use of class as a sorting mechanism to order interactions with proximal hosts and develop middle-class identities, and in the United States, their views on whether black immigrants and their children should benefit from affirmative action policies, to illustrate how the Nigerian second generation balance race and ethnicity and how race intersects with ethnicity and class in British and American societies. The chapter discusses how in the extremely important arena of the workplace, the experiences of British respondents differ from those of their American counterparts. They have experienced more racism and discrimination living in Britain, racism that is more often covert than overt. This chapter tells their stories of growing up different from Caribbeans and their experiences of discrimination, which has engendered feelings of not belonging to Britain.

Keywords:   Class, Proximal hosts, Black middle class, Schemas, Linked fate, Workplace, Anti-black discrimination

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