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La Nueva CaliforniaLatinos from Pioneers to Post-Millennials$
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David E. Hayes-Bautista

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780520292529

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520292529.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

America Defines Latinos

America Defines Latinos

The Clash of Narratives Begins

(p.1) One America Defines Latinos
La Nueva California

David E. Hayes-Bautista

University of California Press

From the Gold Rush to World War II, Latinos have considered themselves to be American by virtue of their belief in and support of the universalistic ideals of equality, freedom, and democracy. During that same period, nativists have refused to consider Latinos as Americans because they were not members of the core national ethnic group: white, English-speaking Anglo-Saxon Protestants. These two competing definitions of American—universalistic versus nativist—have clashed repeatedly in the political arena.

Keywords:   Latinos in California, 1849–1965, California Gold Rush, social effects of, racial categorization of Latinos, universalist definitions of American, nativist definitions of American, California politics and ethnicity, Spanish language use in California

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