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Chocolate CitiesThe Black Map of American Life$
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Marcus Anthony Hunter and Zandria Robinson

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780520292826

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520292826.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 03 July 2022

Everywhere below Canada

Everywhere below Canada

(p.1) 1 Everywhere below Canada
Chocolate Cities

Marcus Anthony Hunter

Zandria F. Robinson

University of California Press

Drawing on Malcolm X's provocative 1964 speech "The Ballot or the Bullet," this chapter follows the insight that everywhere below Canada is the South for black Americans. This chapter also provides an overview of the book and the book's central arguments, laying the foundation for subsequent chapters.

Keywords:   Malcolm X, chocolate cities, The Black Map, Detroit, Harlem, black history

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