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Chocolate CitiesThe Black Map of American Life$
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Marcus Anthony Hunter and Zandria Robinson

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780520292826

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520292826.001.0001

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Mary, Dionne, and Alma

Mary, Dionne, and Alma

(p.136) 12 Mary, Dionne, and Alma
Chocolate Cities

Marcus Anthony Hunter

Zandria F. Robinson

University of California Press

The second of three chapters on the power of chocolate cities, this chapter centers the lives, activism, and pioneering efforts of three black women professionals, entertainers, and community activists: Mary Hill Sanders, Dionne Warwick, and Alma Burrell. Exploring their lives, health setbacks, and push against the glass ceiling and racial oppression, the authors highlight their sophisticated and politically informed racial geography of the United States. Detailing the movement of black people throughout the domestic diaspora, this chapter illustrates the how gender, place, race, and power collided in the lives of black people before and after the civil rights movement.

Keywords:   Mary Sanders, Mary Hill Sanders, Alma Burrell, Margaret Headd, Vickye Hayter, Dionne Warwick, chocolate cities, “Do You Know the Way to San Jose”, Burrell v. Santa Clara County, Newark, Philadelphia, Shelley Hunter

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