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Chocolate Cities – The Black Map of American Life - California Scholarship Online
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Chocolate Cities: The Black Map of American Life

Marcus Anthony Hunter and Zandria Robinson


Chocolate Cities is built on a simple premise: our current maps of black life are wrong. As Malcolm X made clear in Detroit over a half century ago, the geography of the black American experience is best understood as existing within and across varying versions of “the South”—regional areas with distinct yet overlapping and similar patterns of racism, white domination, and oppression alongside place-inspired black strivings, customs, and aspirations for a better and more equal society. Chocolate Cities offers a new geography of the United States based on the lives, experiences, and histories o ... More

Keywords: The Black Map, chocolate cities, chocolate city, black history, black politics

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2018 Print ISBN-13: 9780520292826
Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2018 DOI:10.1525/california/9780520292826.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Marcus Anthony Hunter, author
University of California, Los Angeles

Zandria Robinson, author
Rhodes College