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Shari'ah on TrialNorthern Nigeria's Islamic Revolution$
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Sarah Eltantawi

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780520293779

Published to California Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520293779.001.0001

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Then and Now

(p.98) Chapter Four Colonialism
Shari'ah on Trial

Sarah Eltantawi

University of California Press

This chapter delves into Nigeria’s experience with British colonialism, which culminated in the death of the Sokoto Caliphate in 1903. The chapter opens with pro-1999 shari’ah proponents reflecting on how they understand this experiment to redeem the trauma and rupture Nigerian’s suffered under colonialism. These pro-shari’ah proponents also understand international human rights standards as a form of neo-colonialism and take pride in opposing them. The chapter ends by showing how the British declaration of the “Native Courts Proclamation” in 1903 whereby stoning was outlawed exacerbated Nigerian tensions, as stoning was never practiced in Nigeria before this point. Therefore the declaration was considered an attack on Islamic law itself, called “legal warfare.”

Keywords:   Stoning, Legal warfare, Nigeria and colonialism, Native Courts Proclimation, Joseph Schacht, Vesico Vaginal Fistula (VVF), Lord Frederic Lugard, Fall of Kano to British, Rannat Panel, Sudan Penal Code

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