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Sanitized SexRegulating Prostitution, Venereal Disease, and Intimacy in Occupied Japan, 1945-1952$
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Robert Kramm

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780520295971

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520295971.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021



Character Guidance and Moral Purification

(p.163) 4 Morale
Sanitized Sex

Robert Kramm

University of California Press

The global legacy of moral reform, its intersection with social hygienic knowledge, and its impact on the Cold War is the main theme of chapter 4. It analyzes sex education and character-guidance programs, a terrain in which moral reformers and social hygienists clashed but occasionally also cooperated, which incorporated specific ideals of masculinity, middle-class family values, and white community building that American Cold War ideology popularized and military educators propagated to occupation personnel. Secondly, chapter 4 discusses morality concerning sexuality and prostitution among Japanese contemporaries. Moral debates focused especially on the streetwalking prostitute, embodied by the panpan girl. She became a famous symbol, who vividly represented the revolutionary changes of democratizing Japan but was also perceived as incarnation of moral and social decay.

Keywords:   sexuality, moral reform, sex education, Cold War ideology, popular culture, heteronormativity, nationalism

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