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Humanitarianism and Mass MigrationConfronting the World Crisis$
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Marcelo M. Suárez-Orozco

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780520297128

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520297128.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 28 June 2022

A Migration Becomes an Emergency

A Migration Becomes an Emergency

The Flight of Women and Children from the Northern Triangle and Its Antecedents

Chapter:
(p.60) 2 A Migration Becomes an Emergency
Source:
Humanitarianism and Mass Migration
Author(s):

Roberto Suro

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520297128.003.0003

This chapter examines the circumstances that produced repeated migration surges from the Northern Triangle of Central America—El Salvador, Honduras to Guatemala—to the United States. Dominated by women and children fleeing poverty and violence, since 2014 the surges have challenged the U.S. asylum system, prompted crisis responses at the border and provoked ongoing political controversies. This chapter argues these surges are an outgrowth, really a kind of mutation, of long-standing migrations that have been dominated by labor and family reunification flows in recent years. Moreover, the surges were facilitated by migrations channels, including criminal smuggling networks, that had developed to transport what was once a far larger Mexican flow. The surges serve as a warning that seemingly stable labor migrations can transform into sudden, large scale movements of humanitarian migrants due to changing circumstances in sending communities.

Keywords:   Central America, Asylum, Refugees, Obama, Women, Children

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