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America's Lone Star ConstitutionHow Supreme Court Cases from Texas Shape the Nation$
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Lucas A. Powe Jr.

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780520297807

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520297807.001.0001

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(p.69) Four Railroads
America's Lone Star Constitution

Lucas A. Powe Jr.

University of California Press

This chapter discusses the legal battles between Texas's railroads and the Texas Railroad Commission. James S. Hogg lobbied for the creation of a railroad commission after becoming governor in 1890. The Railroad Commission immediately lowered rates between 10 and 75 percent from their unregulated levels with the result of stimulating the local economy. The trustees of seven railroads filed for an injunction against the rates and a further injunction against any future rates. The chapter examines the Supreme Court case Reagan v. Farmers' Loan and Trust Company, which laid the groundwork for both Smyth v. Ames and Ex parte Young, as well as the Commerce Court ruling that Texas's railroad rates were discriminatory and interfered with interstate commerce. It also considers the Shreveport Rate Cases, in which the railroads claimed that Congress did not have the power to regulate intrastate rates, and another case involving Pullman.

Keywords:   railroads, Texas Railroad Commission, James S. Hogg, Supreme Court, Reagan v. Farmers' Loan and Trust Company, Smyth v. Ames, Ex parte Young, Shreveport Rate Cases, Pullman, railroad rates

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