This chapter argues that addiction ministries' reliance on the victimhood of women as a key resource in the reformation of masculinity narrowed women's routes to spiritual power and capital. The ministries' rhetoric of women's victimhood coexisted with one of gender equality in moral standards: The insistence that both men and women demonstrate monastic discipline and dedication to the ministry over their families of origin. This apparent equity in expectation ignored the differential family responsibilities and relational histories of women. Addiction treatment is also profoundly gendered, because addiction is profoundly gendered. Although male rejection of alcohol and drugs figures neatly into the Pentecostal narrative of reformed machismo, there is no clear corresponding narrative of women's reformation.
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