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Dear China – Emigrant Letters and Remittances, 1820-1980 - California Scholarship Online
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Dear China: Emigrant Letters and Remittances, 1820-1980

Gregor Benton and Hong Liu


Qiaopi is the name given to the “silver letters” Chinese emigrants sent home in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. These letters-cum-remittances, which were entered into UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register in 2013, document the changing history of the Chinese diaspora in different parts of the world and in different periods, as well as its linkages to China. The qiaopi trade played a big part in making China transnational. This book, the first in English on qiaopi and on the origins, structure, and operations of the qiaopi trade, makes an important contribution to our understanding of m ... More

Keywords: China, Chinese diaspora, global migration, qiaopi, qiaopi trade, letters, remittance, transnational networks, Chinese history 1840–, Chinese society 1840–

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2018 Print ISBN-13: 9780520298415
Published to California Scholarship Online: January 2019 DOI:10.1525/california/9780520298415.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Gregor Benton, author
Cardiff University

Hong Liu, author
Nanyang Technological University