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Dear ChinaEmigrant Letters and Remittances, 1820-1980$
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Gregor Benton and Hong Liu

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780520298415

Published to California Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520298415.001.0001

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Qiaopi, Qiaoxiang, and Charity

Qiaopi, Qiaoxiang, and Charity

(p.130) 6 Qiaopi, Qiaoxiang, and Charity
Dear China

Gregor Benton

Hong Liu

University of California Press

This chapter examines a dimension of the qiaopi trade often overlooked in existing studies (and, more broadly, in diasporic Chinese studies), its role in charity and in developing the qiaoxiang. It looks at the operational mechanisms, impact, and theoretical implications of qiaopi charity. It argues that qiaopi and the associated remittance networks were a main underpinning of diasporic Chinese philanthropy, which further cemented the relationship between Chinese overseas and China. The chapter examines education (which was the main focus of qiaopi giving after everyday family survival) and charity directed at improving transport and communications and aiding national causes (especially during wars and crises). It concludes that the qiaopi trade and early Chinese diasporic philanthropy foreshadowed contemporary forms of diasporic charity undertaken by migrants from other countries.

Keywords:   philanthropy, diasporic charity, qiaoxiang, South China

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