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Braided WatersEnvironment and Society in Molokai, Hawai'i$
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Wade Graham

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780520298590

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520298590.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 25 June 2021

The Bonanza Horizon

The Bonanza Horizon

Molokai in the Sugar Era, 1870–1893

(p.99) 4 The Bonanza Horizon
Braided Waters

Wade Graham

University of California Press

This chapter describes events from 1870 to 1893. Molokai in this period was marked by painful contrasts. As the burgeoning sugar industry elsewhere in the archipelago took over huge swaths of land and moved large numbers of people from their villages to plantation centers, Molokai saw no significant inroads. However, Big Sugar on other islands provided a strong market for Molokai produce. The period also saw a bureaucratic transformation of the Hawaiian government, modeled on British and American ideas. The most wrenching experience for Hawaii in these years was the disaster of leprosy; communities everywhere suffered as families were torn apart and the afflicted sent to exile at Kalaupapa. For Molokai, it meant a permanent government presence, a market for windward produce, and a new, grim reputation it has never quite been able to shed.

Keywords:   Molokai, Hawaii, sugar industry, Hawaiian government, leprosy

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