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Specter of the JewsEmperor Julian and the Rhetoric of Ethnicity in Syrian Antioch$
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Ari Finkelstein

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780520298729

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520298729.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 12 April 2021

The God of Jerusalem and His Temple

The God of Jerusalem and His Temple

Fixing the Jewish God in Julian’s Cosmos

Chapter:
(p.101) 6 The God of Jerusalem and His Temple
Source:
Specter of the Jews
Author(s):

Ari Finkelstein

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520298729.003.0007

Chapter 6 explores the place Julian assigns the Jewish god in his divine order. His articulation and fixing of the Jewish god in his divine realm attempts to correct the Flavian dynasty’s mischaracterization of that order and restores the Judean ethnic god to his proper place. This endeavor realizes his ethnological arguments about Judeans in Galileans and occurs within a month of his publication of the Hymn to King Helios, in which he lays out Helios’s central place in the cosmic order. Julian’s various and sometimes contradictory characterizations of the Jewish god reveal his ambivalence over how close he ought to hold him. To rank the Jewish god too highly might collapse the boundaries between Jews and Hellenes and wreck his still fragile hellenizing program. The chapter concludes with a consideration of the impact on Christians of the replacement of Jesus with the Jewish god and the restoration of the temple.

Keywords:   Hadrian, Constantine, Eusebius of Caesarea, Jewish god, Church of the Holy Sepulcher, Hymn to King Helios, demiurge, theos hypsistos, Letter to Theodorus, Against the Galileans

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