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Uncertain CitizenshipEveryday Practices of Bolivian Migrants in Chile$
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Megan Ryburn

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780520298767

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520298767.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 07 March 2021

¿El Sueño Chileno?

¿El Sueño Chileno?

(p.72) 4 ¿El Sueño Chileno?
Uncertain Citizenship

Megan Ryburn

University of California Press

This chapter is concerned with economic citizenship and the quest for el sueño chileno (the Chilean dream). Taking a transnational perspective on economic citizenship and comprehending it as more than just access to decent work, it seeks first to capture the economic marginalization in Bolivia that often acted as a catalyst for pursuing el sueño chileno. The latter part of the chapter reflects on the degree to which el sueño chileno was realized after crossing the border. It has a particular focus on employment experiences in wholesale garment retail, agriculture, and domestic work, and it includes reflections on a case of trafficking for labor exploitation uncovered in the course of fieldwork. The chapter considers the ways in which both structural processes and the agentic practices of migrants contribute to their ability to access the space of economic citizenship across borders—and thus contribute to their experiences of uncertainty.

Keywords:   economic citizenship, marginalization, migrant labor, exploitation, precarity

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